Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF)

The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to the uniform nomenclature of seven security forces in India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).

armed police force upsc itbp capf crpf nda ssc police sub inspector commandant

Eligibility Criteria

UPSC describes the eligibility criteria for the CAPF exam in the official notification. The eligibility conditions for UPSC CAPF are explained below:


  • The candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • The candidates who are subject of Nepal and Bhutan are also allowed to apply in the exam.
  • No other candidate can apply for the UPSC CAPF exam.

Age limit

The lower age limit for the CAPF exam is 20 years and the upper age limit is less than 25 years. The age is calculated from August 1 of the exam year.

The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable.

Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribefive years
Other Backward Classesthree years
Civilian Central Government Servantsfive years Ex-Servicemen will also be eligible for this relaxation.
Domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from January 1, 1980 to December 31,
five years

However, the total relaxation claimed on account of Government Service will be limited to five years.

Educational Qualification

As given in the official CAPF notification, “the candidate must hold a Bachelors degree from any recognised university”

The candidates who appear in the final year of their degree course can also apply for the exam but they have to produce the final year mark sheet of the qualifying exam with the detailed application form.

Possession of NCC ‘B’ or ‘C’ Certificates:

The candidates having the NCC ‘B’ or ‘C’ Certificate will be given preference at the time of Interview. These qualifications will be given consideration at the time of Interview/Personality Test only.

Physical Standards

The UPSC CAPF notification prescribes the physical and medical standards in a very comprehensive manner. The important points related to the CAPF physical standards are given below. The minimum requirements for the candidate are as follows:

Physical StandardsMenWomen
Height165 cm157 cm
Chest(unexpanded)81 cm (with 5 cm minimum expansion)(Not applicable)
Weight 50 kg46 kg

Medical Standards

(a) Eyesight:

Better eye

(corrected vision)

Worse eye

(corrected vision)

Distant vision6/6




Near VisionN6 (corrected) N9 (corrected)

Exam Pattern

The UPSC CAPF exam is a three-stage exam having only one written exam. The candidates need to go through the UPSC CAPF exam pattern to prepare well for the exam.

Selection Process

After the successful filling up the UPSC CAPF Application form and submitting the exam fees, the admit card will be issued to the candidates in online mode only. The UPSC CAPF exam consists of three stages. All three stages are given below:

UPSC CAPF Exam Stage I – Written Exam – 450 marks

The stage I is the written examination. The written exam consists of two papers-

Paper NameMarksTime Duration
Paper-I – General and Mental Ability (Objective)250 marks2 hours
Paper-II – General Studies, Essay and Comprehension (Descriptive)200 marks3 Hours
Total450 marks

The paper I will be the objective type question paper and paper II will be the conventional essay type question paper having two parts.

UPSC CAPF Exam Stage II – Physical Standards/Physical Efficiency Tests and Medical Standards Tests

The Physical Efficiency and Medical Standard test are only qualifying in nature. The candidates need to meet the standard prescribed in the CAPF notification.

After passing the Stage I, the candidates need to undergo the Physical Efficiency and Medical Standard Test.

Physical Efficiency Tests (PET)

EventMales Females
100 Meters raceIn 16 Seconds In 18 seconds
800 Meters raceIn 3 minutes 45 secondsIn 4 minutes 45 seconds
Long Jump3.5 Meters (3 chances)3.0 meters (3 chances)
Shot Put (7.26 Kgs)4.5 Meters

Pregnancy at the time of PET will be a disqualification and pregnant female candidate will be rejected.

UPSC CAPF Stage III: Interview/Personality Test – 150 marks

The candidates declared passed in the second stage of the CAPF exam, will be called for the interview/personality test. The interview/ personality test will be conducted on the UPSC premises in New Delhi. After the interview/personality test, the final result will be declared.

Restriction on appearing in UPSC CAPF

Any candidate who has been selected as the Assistant Commandant in any of the forces are restricted to apply again in the exam.

Exam syllabus


Paper 1


General Ability

Analogies, Arrangements, Problem Solving, Syllogisms, Spatial Orientation, Space Visualization, Analysis, Ranking, Arithmetical Reasoning, Decision Making, Visual Memory, Arithmetic Number Series, Figural Classification, Coding and Decoding, Relationship Concepts, Statement Conclusion, etc.
IntelligenceGeneral Mental Ability, General Science, Current Events of National and International Importance, Indian Polity and Economy, History of India, Indian and World Geography

Paper 2


English Language and Comprehension and EssayEssay Writing, Comprehension, Precis Writing, Counter Argument, Communications, Report Writing, Language Skills, Grammar, Vocabulary, etc.
General StudiesHistory India, Current Events – National and International, Indian National Movement, Geography – India, About India, Eminent Personalities, Cultural Heritage, Environment, Economy, General Polity, General Science, Indian Constitution, Science and Technology etc.